By Thamanna Hussain
Patients who have recently received a knee or joint-replacement, or in heart surgeries should be aware of the potential risk of getting a staph infection. Most staph infections are caused by the patient's own bacteria according to a 2002 study in the New England Journal of Medicine. Although there is no equivalently accepted procedure to reduce the risks of getting the infection, a team of researchers at the University of Iowa conclude that by following the subsequent guidelines, a patient can cut the infection rate by 71 percent for staph bacteria and by 59 percent for gram-positive bacteria.
The researchers recommend the following steps to reduce post-surgical infections:
First, the patient's nose should be swabbed for two strains of staph that include Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA).
Then, for those patients who have staph in their noses, an anti-bacterial noise ointment should be applied in the days prior to the surgery.
Lastly, during the surgery, an antibiotic that is made specifically for MRSA patients should be given to the patients who have the MRSA strain in their nose.
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